Combined thermodynamic and kinetic analysis of GroEL interacting with CXCR4 transmembrane peptides

Publication date: July 2018
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects, Volume 1862, Issue 7
Author(s): Haixia Chi, Baomei Xu, Zhenzhen Liu, Junting Wei, Shixin Li, Hao Ren, Yan Xu, Xinwei Lu, Xiaojuan Wang, Xiaoqiang Wang, Fang Huang
GroEL along with ATP and its co-chaperonin GroES has been demonstrated to significantly enhance the folding of newly translated G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). This work extends the previous studies to explore the guest capture and release processes in GroEL-assisted folding of GPCRs, by the reduced approach of employing CXCR4 transmembrane peptides as model substrates. Each of the CXCR4-derived peptides exhibited high affinity for GroEL with a binding stoichiometry near seven. It is found that the peptides interact with the paired α helices in the apical domain of the chaperonin which are similar with the binding sites of SBP (strongly binding peptide: SWMTTPWGFLHP). Complementary binding study with a single-ring version of GroEL indicates that each of the two chaperonin rings is competent for accommodating all the seven CXCR4 peptides bound to GroEL under saturation condition. Meanwhile, the binding kinetics of CXCR4 peptides with GroEL was also examined; ATP alone, or in combination of GroES evidently promoted the release of the peptide substrates from the chaperonin. The results obtained would be beneficial to understand the thermodynamic and kinetic nature of GroEL-GPCRs interaction which is the central molecular event in the assisted folding process.

Graphical abstract