Pathologic grading plays a key role in prostate cancer risk stratification and treatment selection, traditionally assessed from systemic core needle biopsies sampled throughout the prostate gland. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has become a well-established clinical tool for detecting and localizing prostate cancer. However, both pathologic and radiologic assessment suffer from poor reproducibility among readers. Artificial intelligence (AI) methods show promise in aiding the detection and assessment of imaging-based tasks, dependent on the curation of high-quality training sets. This review provides an overview of recent advances in AI applied to mpMRI and digital pathology in prostate cancer which enable advanced characterization of disease through combined radiology-pathology assessment.
Diagn Interv Radiol. 2019 May 7. doi: 10.5152/dir.2019.19125. [Epub ahead of print]