Polymerization kinetics of experimental bioactive composites containing bioactive glass

Publication date: Available online 21 June 2018
Source:Journal of Dentistry
Author(s): Matej Par, Zrinka Tarle, Reinhard Hickel, Nicoleta Ilie
ObjectivesTo investigate the polymerization kinetics and the degree of conversion (DC) of experimental resin composites with varying amount of bioactive glass 45S5 (BG).MethodsExperimental resin composites based on a photo-curable Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin system were prepared. The composite series contained 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 wt% of BG and reinforcing fillers up to the total filler amount of 70 wt%. Composite specimens were light cured with 1219 mW/cm2 for 20 or 40 s and their DC was monitored during 5 min at the data collection rate of 2 s−1 using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR).ResultsThe 5-min DC values for experimental composites were in the range of 42.4–55.9% and 47.3–57.9% for curing times of 20 and 40 s, respectively. The differences in the 5-min DC between curing times of 20 s or 40 s became more pronounced in materials with higher BG amount. Within both curing times, a decreasing trend of the 5-min DC values was observed with the increasing percentage of BG fillers. The maximum polymerization rate also decreased consistently with the increasing BG amount.ConclusionsUnsilanized BG fillers showed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on polymerization rate and the DC. Extending the curing time from 20 to 40 s showed a limited potential to improve the DC of composites with higher BG amount.SignificanceThe observed inhibitory effect of BG fillers on the polymerization of resin composites may have a negative influence on mechanical properties and biocompatibility.