Are there associations between sleep bruxism, chronic stress, and sleep quality?

Publication date: July 2018
Source:Journal of Dentistry, Volume 74
Author(s): Brigitte Ohlmann, Wolfgang Bömicke, Yasamin Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Marc Schmitter
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to identify associations between definite sleep bruxism, as defined by the American academy of sleep medicine, and chronic stress and sleep quality.MethodsSleep bruxism was determined by use of questionnaires, assessment of clinical symptoms, and recording of electromyographic and electrocardiographic data (recorded by the Bruxoff® device). The study included 67 participants. Of these, 38 were identified as bruxers and 29 as non-bruxers. The 38 bruxers were further classified as 17 moderate and 21 intense bruxers.Self-reported stress and self-reported sleep quality were determined by use of the validated questionnaires “Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress” (TICS) and the “Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index” (PSQI).ResultsNo statistically significant association was found between sleep bruxism and self-reported stress or sleep quality. However, a significant association between specific items of chronic stress and poor sleep quality was identified.ConclusionsThe results of this study indicate an association between subjective sleep quality and subjective chronic stress, irrespective of the presence or absence of sleep bruxism.Clinical significanceChronic stress and sleep quality do not seem to be associated with sleep bruxism.(clinical trial no. NCT03039985)