Respiratory depression in low acuity hospital settings–Seeking answers from the PRODIGY trial

Publication date: October 2018
Source:Journal of Critical Care, Volume 47
Author(s): Ashish K. Khanna, Frank J. Overdyk, Christine Greening, Paola Di Stefano, Wolfgang F. Buhre
Predicting episodes or severity of cardiorespiratory decompensation has proved to be challenging in patients with stable surgical or medical conditions, recovering on the general care floor (ward). Critical cardiorespiratory events on hospital floors may be prevented by early detection of deterioration using continuous, electronic cardiorespiratory monitoring (CEM). The PRediction of Opioid-induced Respiratory Depression In Patients Monitored by capnoGraphY (PRODIGY) trial investigates CEM using pulse oximetry and capnography in 1650 patients at 16 centers in North America, Europe, and Asia (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02811302). The primary goal of the study is to derive a risk prediction score for respiratory depression (RD) on the ward. The validation-derivation cohort design will derive this score from RD detected by continuous, blinded, multiparameter cardiorespiratory (heart rate, respiratory rate, end tidal carbon dioxide, and pulse oximetry) monitoring of patients on the ward receiving parenteral (including epidural) opioids for primary analgesia. This review provides a comprehensive synopsis on respiratory compromise in lower acuity hospital settings (ward) and describes the protocol of the PRODIGY trial as a means to enable prediction and early response to these events.