Publication date: Available online 3 July 2018
Author(s): Mingchao Wang, Shanshan Zhang, Guoxing Zheng, Junjiu Huang, Zhou Songyang, Xueqiang Zhao, Xin Lin
Genetic mutations of CARD14 (encoding CARMA2) are observed in psoriasis patients. Here we showed that Card14E138A/+ and Card14ΔQ136/+ mice developed spontaneous psoriasis-like skin inflammation, which resulted from constitutively activated CARMA2 via self-aggregation leading to the enhanced activation of the IL-23-IL-17A cytokine axis. Card14−/− mice displayed attenuated skin inflammation in the imiquimod-induced psoriasis model due to impaired IL-17A signaling in keratinocytes. CARMA2, mainly expressed in keratinocytes, associates with the ACT1-TRAF6 signaling complex and mediates IL-17A-induced NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathway activation, which leads to expression of pro-inflammatory factors. Thus, CARMA2 serves as a key mediator of IL-17A signaling and its constitutive activation in keratinocytes leads to the onset of psoriasis, which indicates an important role of NF-κB activation in keratinocytes in psoriatic initiation.
Mutations in the CARMA2 gene (CARD14) are identified in psoriasis patients, but whether and how these mutations initiate psoriasis is unclear. Wang et al. reveal that Card14E138A/+ mice develop spontaneous psoriasis via CARMA2 self-aggregation and activation, and the deficiency or mutation of Card14 affects the activation of IL-17A signaling in keratinocytes.