High-throughput sequencing identified circular RNA circUBE2K mediating RhoA associated bladder cancer phenotype via regulation of miR-516b-5p/ARHGAP5 axis

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Cell Death Dis. 2021 Jul 20;12(8):719. doi: 10.1038/s41419-021-03977-1.

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer (BC) is known as a common and lethal urinary malignancy worldwide. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), an emerging non-coding RNA, participate in carcinogenesis process of several cancers including BC. In this study, high-throughput sequencing and RT-qPCR were applied to discover and validate abnormal high expression of circUBE2K in BC tissues. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect hsa_circ_0009154 (circUBE2K) expression and subcellular localization in BC tissues. High circUBE2K predicted unfavorable prognoses in BCs, as well as correlated with clinical features. CCK8, transwell, EdU and wound healing assays demonstrated down-regulating circUBE2K decreased BC cell phenotype as proliferation, invasion, and migration, respectively. Further studies showed that circUBE2K promoted BC progression via sponging miR-516b-5p and enhancing ARHGAP5 expression through regulating RhoA activity. Dual-luciferase reporter, FISH and RNA pulldown assays were employed to verify the relationships among circUBE2K/miR-516b-5p/ARHGAP5/RhoA axis. Down-regulating miR-516b-5p or overexpressing ARHGAP5 restored RhoA activity mediated BC cell properties after silencing circUBE2K. Subcutaneous xenograft and metastasis model identified circUBE2K significantly increased BC cell metastasis and proliferation in-vivo. Taken together, we found that circUBE2K is a tumor-promoting circRNA in BC that functions as a ceRNA to regulate ARHGAP5 expression via sponging miR-516b-5p.

PMID:34285193 | DOI:10.1038/s41419-021-03977-1