Clinicopathologic analysis of malignant or premalignant cutaneous neoplasms in Japanese kidney transplant recipients

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Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2021 Dec 15;14(12):1138-1147. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

It is well known that recipients of kidney transplants are at an increased risk of developing malignant or premalignant cutaneous neoplasms (MPCNs) after transplantation. However, the pathogenesis of MPCNs after kidney transplant has not been well-studied in Asian populations. This study aimed to describe the clinicopathologiccharacteristics of MPCNs in an Asian population. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1956 patients who received kidney transplants at two hospitals in Japan, between 2003 and 2019. Among these patients, 24 developed 50 MPCN lesions, including 14 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC, 28%), 23 Bowen’s disease (BD, 46%), 11 actinic keratosis (AK, 22%), and two basal cell carcinoma (BCC, 4%). No patient had malignant melanoma. The duration from transplantation to the diagnosis was significantly longer for SCC than for BD or AK (P=0.021, 0.036, respectively). Seven patients had multiple MPCNs in sun-exposed areas of skin. Among the 50 MPCNs, 40 (80%) were located in sun-exposed areas, and 10 (20%) were located in sun-protected areas. MPCNs in sun-exposed skin were frequently accompanied by dermal solar elastosis (90%, 36/40). We found high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infections in two anogenital lesions (100%, 2/2). In contrast, HR-HPV infections were not detected in any extragenital lesions (0%, 0/30). Our results suggested that, among Japanese recipients of kidney transplant, MPCNs in sun-exposed skin areas may be associated with immunosuppression and ultraviolet exposure.

PMID:35027994 | PMC:PMC8748015