Cases of recurrent lupus nephritis in lupus patients undergoing transplant for renal disease are on the decline, according to a new study.
Researchers reviewed medical records of 38 patients (mean age at baseline, 42 years; 89% female; 89% black) with end stage renal disease secondary to lupus nephritis who received renal transplants at one center between 2006 and 2017. Median previous time on dialysis was four years; 80% of patients received hemodialysis and 31% received living donor transplantation.
— Aarat Patel, MD (@PatelAarat) October 20, 2018
In total, 11% (n = 4) of patients had lupus nephritis recurrence, diagnosed by biopsy; during a median follow-up of 1,230 days, 26% (n = 10) of patients had graft loss or died. Recurrent lupus nephritis was a risk factor for graft loss or death (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.65-15.24) compared with patients who did not have recurrence.
All patients underwent a posttransplant immunosuppressive regimen consisting of tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil instead of cyclosporine and azathioprine in addition to prednisone, a significant difference when comparing with older cases, when recurrence rates were higher, according to the researchers.
— Ara Dikranian (@RumorDoc) October 20, 2018
Debenda Pattanaik, MBBS, MD, lead study author of “Recurrence of Lupus Nephritis in Renal Transplant Recipients,” presented the findings at the American College of Rheumatology annual meeting. Dr. Pattanaik said graft loss secondary to recurrence of lupus should not deter caregivers from recommending renal transplants. Lupus patients with end-stage renal disease “can have as good an outcome” as those with hypertension or diabetes, according to Dr. Pattanaik.