Homepage Round-Up: An At-Home Intervention That Helps Stroke Patients Adjust, Physical Activity Combats Alzheimer’s Disease, and More.

Here are the top stories covered by DocWire News this week in the Homepage section. In this week’s edition of the round-up: an at-home intervention that helps stroke patients adjust following hospital discharge; increased physical activity can slow the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease; excessive use of TV and social media can increase depressive symptoms in adolescents; and HIV patients who experience compassionate care are more likely to continue treatment.

For stroke patients, an intervention that combines social worker–led case management (SWCM) with access to online stroke-related information facilitates enhanced quality of life and confidence following hospital discharge. The findings of this Michigan State University study were published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. In this study, the research team allocated 265 patients with stroke into three treatment groups: group-1 was given usual care, group-2 comprised SWCM, which provided both in-home and phone-based case management resources, and group-3 combined SWCM with access to the MISTT website, which provided patient-oriented information on stroke education, prevention, recovery, and community resources. Overall, patients with a case manager and access to the website reported enhanced improvements in physical health by the end of the study compared to those who had the traditional care.

Increased physical activity may impede the cognitive decline and neurodegeneration of Alzheimer’s Diseaseaccording to a study published in JAMA Neurology. In this longitudinal observational study, researchers recruited 182 clinically normal older adults from the Harvard Aging Brain Study. All participants underwent a battery of medical and neurological assessments while being screened for major medical, psychiatric, or neurological disorders as well as recent history of alcohol or drug abuse. The study’s corresponding author said that “One of the most striking findings from our study was that greater physical activity not only appeared to have positive effects on slowing cognitive decline, but also on slowing the rate of brain tissue loss over time in normal people who had high levels of amyloid plaque in the brain.” 

Excessive use of social media and television may exacerbate depressive symptoms in adolescents, according to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics. To conduct this study, researchers used secondary analysis data from a randomized clinical trial that assessed the four-year efficacy of a personality-targeted drug and alcohol prevention intervention to evaluate a total of 3,826 adolescents. This study assessed screen time and depression utilizing an annual survey in a sample of adolescents who entered the seventh grade in 31 schools in the Greater Montreal area. The study’s independent variables were social media, TV, video gaming, and computer use. According to the results, the authors wrote that “we found an association between social media and depression in adolescence.”

Adults with human immunodeficiency (HIV) who receive compassionate and respectful care from their primary health care providers are more likely to continue treatment, according to a Rutgers University study published in the Joanna Briggs Institute Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. In this review, researchers used a three-step search strategy to identify 1,038 qualified articles, of which 41 were subsequently used for a critical appraisal. Following analysis, the results suggest that HIV patients want their providers to be a respectful, empathetic and holistic partner in their care, and most feel like they cannot battle their disease alone, highlighting the critical importance of actively guiding and helping patients during transition periods while providing the necessary resources.