Deep learning may be able to predict incomplete stent expansion, new research in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions suggests.
“Although post-stenting intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been used to optimize percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), there are no pre-procedural guidelines to estimate the degree of stent expansion and provide preemptive management before stent deployment,” the authors noted in their abstract.
The research team, looking to develop pre-procedural IVUS-based models to predict stent underexpansion, examined a total of 618 coronary lesions in 618 patients undergoing PCI were randomly assigned to training and test sets (5:1 ratio). Pre- and post-stenting IVUS images were obtained (along with clinical information such as stent diameter, length, and inflation pressure; balloon diameter; and maximal balloon pressure), and the pre-procedural models used to develop a regression model using a convolution neural network to predict area post-stenting.
The researchers reported that the overall frequency of stent under-expansion was 15% (5,209 of 34,736 frames). Stent areas predicted by the pre-procedural ICUS-based regression model significantly correlated with stent areas measured with IVUS post-stenting (r=0.802). Maximal accuracy for the prediction of stent underexpansion was 94% when the convolutional neural network– and mask image–derived features were used for the classification model. There were significant correlations between predicted and measured minimal stent area (r=0.832) as well as predicted and measured total stent volume (r=0.958).
“Deep-learning algorithms accurately predicted incomplete stent expansion,” the researchers wrote. “A data-driven approach may assist clinicians in making treatment decisions to avoid stent underexpansion as a preventable cause of stent failure.”
Read the abstract here.
Machine learning arriving at Cath Labs?
In this study @JACCJournals deep learning algorithms accurately predicted stent under expansion from pre-PCI IVUS images. https://t.co/QwnrIp7AoN pic.twitter.com/XDtmDjwA8g
— Mohamad Alkhouli (@adnanalkhouli) April 14, 2021
just published on @JACCJournals: with pre-PCI IVUS you may have predicted the risk of stent underxpansion and take your decision in advance. I must admit that I understood this paper after have seen the wonderful explanation by @ziadalinyc on @OPCILive https://t.co/ttWyNggQHI pic.twitter.com/5WCEsdS1LL
— Salvatore Brugaletta (@sbrugaletta) April 15, 2021