Cardio Round-up: Grilling and Heart Disease; Drinking and Hypertension; and More

Many with ASCVD Lack Flu Vaccination

This study consisted of data on individuals 40 years and older  from the Pooled Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data from 2008 to 2016. The primary outcomes of interest were the prevalence and characteristics of adults with ASCVD who didn’t have a flu shot during the past year. Upon analysis, characteristics of those with the highest odds of lacking a vaccination were age 40-64 (OR=2.32; 95% CI, 2.06 to 2.62), those with no source of care (OR=2.00; 95% CI, 1.71 to 2.33), those without insurance (OR=2.05; 95% CI, 1.63 to 2.58), those with a low level of education (OR=1.25; 95% CI, 1.12 to 1.40), those at a low income level (OR=1.14; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.27), and those of non-Hispanic black race/ethnicity (OR=1.24; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.41).

Many US Adults with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Lack Flu Shots

Increased Hypertension Linked with Moderate Drinking

A total of 10,200 eligible participants from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial were studied in this paper. Patients had type 2 diabetes fro an average of 10 years prior to the enrollment, and were at an increased risk for cardiovascular events. The researchers categorized alcohol consumption as either none, light (1-7 drinks per week), moderate (8 to 14 drinks per week), and heavy (15 or more drinks per week). One alcoholic beverage was defined as a 12-ounce beer, a 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5 ounces of heard liquor.  Light alcohol consumption was not linked with elevated blood pressure or with any stage of hypertension. Moderate consumptionn, however, was associated with elevated blood pressure (OR=1.79; 95% CI, 1.04 to 3.11; P=0.03), stage 1 hypertension (OR=1.66; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.60), and stage 2 hypertension (OR=1.62; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.54; P=0.03).

Moderate Drinking with Type 2 Diabetes Increases Hypertension Risk

Grilling Red Meat May Increase Risk for CVD?

This randomized crossover study included 51 individuals without type 2 diabetes who were assigned for four weeks to one of two diets: a diet high in red and processed meats and refined grains (HMD) and an energy-matched diet high in whole grain, dairy, nuts, and legumes (HWD). Healthy cooking methods included boiling, steaming, stewing, and poaching as opposed to deep-frying, grilling, and roasting. According to the study results, there were significantly increased plasma concentrations of CEL resulting from the HMD (P<0.01) compared with the HWD. Triglyceride levels, total cholesterol,

By-products of Grilling Red Meat May Heighten Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

ICYMI: Stress Cardiomyopathy in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Just in case you missed this fascinating conversation, here it is again! DocWire News hosts a conversation between Cardiology Section Adviser Payal Kohli, MD, and Ankur Kalra, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, about recently published findings on stress cardiomyopathy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read the study being discussed at JAMA Network Open.

VIDEO: Experts Talk Stress Cardiomyopathy in COVID-19