Here are some cardiology highlights from this week covered at DocWire News.
A research group from China is reporting data suggesting that habitual tea drinkers (3 or more times per week) tend to live longer and healthier lives, with reduced risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, included more than 100,000 participants from the Chinese adults from the project of Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) project with no history of heart attack, stroke, or cancer. When compared to non-habitual tea drinkers, or those who never drink tea, habitual drinkers had a hazard ratio of 0.80 (0.75 to 0.87) for ASCVD incidence, 0.78 (0.69 to 0.88) for ASCSVD mortality, and 0.85 (0.79 to 0.90) for all-cause mortality, respectively. “Habitual tea consumption is associated with lower risks of cardiovascular disease and all-cause death,” lead author Dr. Xinyan Wang, of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, said in a press release.
Young adults who smoke a combination of combustible cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are almost twice as likely to suffer a stroke as those who only smoke e-cigs, and nearly three times as likely to have a stroke as non-smokers, according to a study which appeared in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine. The study included 161,529 participants from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. Following analysis, the results showed that dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible cigarettes was associated with 2.91 times higher odds of stroke versus nonsmokers (AOR=2.91, 95% CI=1.62 to 5.25) and 1.83 times higher odds versus current sole combustible cigarette users (AOR=1.83, 95% CI=1.06 to 3.17). “This is an important message for young smokers who perceive e-cigarettes as less harmful and consider them a safer alternative,” they wrote.
“We have begun understanding the health impact of e-cigarettes and concomitant cigarette smoking, and it’s not good.”
New Study Suggests Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Remains Underused In Hispanic Communities
Hispanics living in predominantly Hispanic communities who suffer cardiac arrest have a lower chance of receiving bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR) and are at an increased risk of dying, according to the findings of a study which appeared in the journal Circulation. According to the results of the study, B-CPR was administered in 37% of events. Disturbingly, the researchers observed that in neighborhoods with less than 25% Hispanic residents, B-CPR was administered in 39% of events compared to only 27% of events in neighborhoods with a Hispanic population of over 75%. “These findings suggest a need to understand the underlying disparities in cardiopulmonary resuscitation delivery and an unmet cardiopulmonary resuscitation training need in Hispanic communities,” the authors wrote.