The Southern diet was among the major factors contributing to greater levels of incident hypertension in black men than other groups, according to a new analysis published in JAMA.
The prospective cohort study, consisting of 6,897 individuals, was selected from a longitudinal cohort study of over 30,000 black and white participants who did not have hypertension at baseline. Participants participated in a follow-up visit 9.4 (median) years after baseline. The authors included 12 social and clinical factors, which included a score for the Southern diet (ranging from –4.5 to 8.2, with higher scores indicating higher fried and related food intake). The primary study outcome was incident hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, or antihypertensive medication) at the follow-up visit.
In this cohort study, Southern diet, dietary Na:K ratio, and education level accounted for excess risk of hypertension in black compared to white adults in the US. Among women, waist circumference and BMI were also key factor. https://t.co/wxN0tZrjkZ pic.twitter.com/VrsdesB5Y5
— JAMA (@JAMA_current) October 2, 2018
According to the results, 46% of black participants and 33% of white participants developed hypertension. Adjusted mean Southern diet scores were also higher in black men vs. white men (0.81 [95% CI, 0.72 to 0.90] vs. −0.26 [95% CI, −0.31 to −0.21], and black women vs. white women (0.27 [95% CI, 0.20 to 0.33] vs. −0.57 [95% CI, −0.61 to −0.54], respectively). According to the researchers, the Southern diet score was significantly associated with more incident hypertension in men and women. The Southern dietary pattern, they noted, was the largest mediating factor for differences in the incidence of hypertension, accounting for 51.6% (95% CI, 18.8% to 84.4%) of the excess risk among black men and 29.2% (95% CI, 13.4% to 44.9%) of the excess risk among black women. Other factors included education level, BMI, dietary ratio of sodium to potassium, and more.
“In a mediation analysis comparing incident hypertension among black adults versus white adults in the United States, key factors statistically mediating the racial difference for both men and women included Southern diet score, dietary ratio of sodium to potassium, and education level,” the authors wrote. “These findings may provide insights into the sources of racial disparities in hypertension incidence.”
So proud of ~18 years of work on the #REGARDSStudy and this paper -one of the most important we’ve published. We must all act on these findings to reduce health #disparities affecting black Americans. @UVMLarnerMed @uabSOPH @ManlyEpic @suzjudd @StatGirlLAM @dleannlong @tbplante https://t.co/5aljjztQJV
— Mary Cushman (@MaryCushmanMD) October 3, 2018
Black men had the highest "southern diet" score in this study looking at racial and cultural factors associated with high blood pressure. Let's make lifestyle changes in 2018 my brothas. #HealthyEating #Diet #soulfood https://t.co/nnpoGfjIHs
— Benjamin Cobb (@BenCobbMD) October 3, 2018
“Southern diet” described as including “fried food, cheesy casseroles, and sweet tea” is “deadly” by increasing “blood pressure up to killer levels,” according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. #diet #heartdisease https://t.co/WBjuSaLidl
— Amir A. Afkhami (@Psych_Doc) October 3, 2018
The “Southern diet” described as including “fried food, cheesy casseroles, and sweet, sweet tea” is “deadly, especially to African-Americans,” by increasing “blood pressure up to killer levels,” https://t.co/MedKgxOJ8g @TrueHealthDiag
— Thomas Dayspring (@Drlipid) October 3, 2018