Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors for the Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Ablation – A Meta-Analysis

Background

Atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence remains a tricky problem in patients undergoing ablation. This meta-analysis aimed to summarize the current literature to clarify whether renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASIs) prevent AF recurrence after ablation.Methods and Results:Relevant studies were searched on Pubmed and EMBASE through December 2019. Pooled relative risk (RR) of AF recurrence was calculated. Subgroup analyses according to study design, race, and follow-up duration were further performed. A total of 15 studies examining 4,300 patients were included, with 3 randomized controlled trials and 12 cohort studies. Overall analysis showed that RASIs significantly reduced AF recurrence after ablation (RR=0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.98, P=0.028; I2=68.9%). Subgroup analysis further indicated that positive results were found in randomized controlled trials (RR=0.51, 95% CI 0.37-0.70, P<0.001; I2=4%), studies conducted in Asia (RR=0.59, 95% CI 0.46-0.76, P<0.001; I2=30.7%), and studies with follow-up duration ≥1 year (RR=0.82, 95% CI 0.70-0.95, P=0.01; I2=59.1%); negative results were found in cohort studies, studies conducted in Europe or the USA, and studies with follow-up duration <1 year.

Conclusions

RASIs can potentially prevent AF recurrence after ablation under selected conditions. However, more studies are required to confirm this finding due to the variation in current evidence.