Vitamin D affects the Warburg effect and stemness maintenance of non-small-cell lung cancer cells by regulating PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway

This article was originally published here

Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 2021 Jul 28. doi: 10.2174/1568009621666210729100300. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent form of lung cancer, accounting for approximately 85% of all lung cancer cases and resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have demonstrated that 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin-D3 (vitamin D) exhibited anti-cancer activity against breast and prostate cancer.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of vitamin D on NSCLC and its underlying mechanism.

METHODS: The effects of vitamin D on stemness maintenance and the Warburg effect in NSCLC cells were investigated both in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS & DISCUSSION: In vitro experiments revealed that vitamin D inhibited glycolysis and stemness maintenance in A549 and NCI-H1975 cells. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that vitamin D attenuated the expression of metabolism-related enzymes associated with the Warburg effect (GLUT1, LDHA, HK2, and PKM2). In addition, vitamin D down-regulated the expression of stemness-related genes (Oct-4, SOX-2, and Nanog) and the expression of PI3K, AKT, and mTOR.

CONCLUSION: Overall, these findings suggest that vitamin D suppresses the Warburg effect and stemness maintenance in NSCLC cells via the inactivation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling, thereby inhibiting the progression of NSCLC. The current study indicates that vitamin D is a potential candidate in therapeutic strategies against NSCLC.

PMID:34325639 | DOI:10.2174/1568009621666210729100300