Urol Oncol. 2022 Apr 2:S1078-1439(22)00058-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2022.02.007. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical and oncological outcomes of partial gland ablation (PGA) using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) technique for the clinically unilateral prostate cancer.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis for the 163 patients who treated by PGA for clinically unilateral prostate cancer. The PGA was performed using Focal one system with concurrent trans-urethral prostatectomy. The oncological and functional outcomes were evaluated as well as risk factors for remnant disease after PGA. Clinically significant cancer was defined as grade group ≥2.
RESULTS: Among the entire subjects, grade group 2 or greater was present at pre-treatment biopsy in 76.7%. Median follow-up time was 17 months and 60.1% of total subjects had follow-up biopsy at postoperative 1 year. There were 25 subjects (24.2%) with any cancer and 13 subjects (12.6%) with CS cancer at the follow-up biopsy. The preoperative age and number of positive cores at preoperative biopsy were significantly associated with positive results at follow-up biopsy. Incontinence which requires 2 or more pads per day was observed at 4 subjects (2.5%) postoperatively. There were no subjects who needed intensive care or experienced rectal complications.
CONCLUSION: The PGA with HIFU was safe and showed good preservation of functional outcomes as well as satisfactory oncological control. The remnant disease was observed in the 24.5% of patients who underwent follow-up biopsy in the present study. Thus, further prospective study is needed to evaluate oncological and functional outcomes of PGA with HIFU more accurately.