Metabolomics of prostate cancer: Knock-in versus knock-out prostate

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J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2021 Aug 25;205:114333. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2021.114333. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Several metabolomics-derived biomarkers of prostate cancer (PC) have been reported with pre-radical prostatectomy (RP) (knock-in PC) conditions; however, uncontested PC biomarkers panel appraisal and investigation of correlative evidence of these measures is lacking through post-RP (knock-out PC). We sought to explore patients’ filtered serum-based metabolomics derived signature measures in knock-in PC (n = 90) using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and multiple rigorous statistical analyses, and to develop the correlative evidence of these measures through knock-out PC (n = 90) follow-up on the 15th and 30th days. The glutamate, citrate and glycine were observed as hallmarks of PC. Observed trends revealed; augmented glutamate level in knock-in PC following a sudden drop and subsequently upside of glutamate at 15th and 30th days of knock-out PC, reduction of citrate in knock-in PC subsequently gradual increase of citrate in knock-out PC, and glycine lessening in knock-in PC following augmentation on 30th day of knock-out PC. This study-based evidence clears the doubts regarding the discovery of metabolomics-derived PC biomarkers.

PMID:34461489 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpba.2021.114333