Comparison between MRI and choline-PET trans-perineal target biopsies and saturation biopsies for detection and topography of intra-prostatic recurrence after primary radiation therapy for prostate cancer

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Prog Urol. 2021 Jun 18:S1166-7087(21)00116-0. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2021.04.008. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation therapy occurs in 5 to 50% of cases depending on the radiation technique used. The diagnosis of recurrence of prostate adenocarcinoma must be made accurately. The aim of this study was to compare transperineal saturation and target biopsies to index lesion (IL) as defined on MRI and 18FCholine PET-CT (PETc) for detection of intra-prostatic recurrence after primary radiation therapy for prostate cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with an history of prostate radiation for prostate cancer and biochemical recurrence were retrospectively included between March 2013 and June 2017. All patients had PETc and multiparametric MRI (MRI) defining IL. All patients had transperineal saturation biopsies and target biopsies the IL.

RESULTS: Among 38 patients with biochemical recurrence, 33 (87%) had biopsy proven recurrence in the prostate. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI were 32% (SD:19%) and 91% respectively (SD:7%). The sensitivity and specificity of PETc were 33% (SD:22%) and 78% respectively (SD:12%). Saturation trans-perineal and target biopsies allowed detection of disease recurrence in 79% and 84% of patients, respectively.

CONCLUSION: In case of positive imaging, both trans-perineal prostate saturation and target biopsies offer good performance to confirm intraprostatic recurrence. However, MRI and PETc low sensitivity to detect all sites of local recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation still justify the completion of systematic saturation biopsies.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

PMID:34154955 | DOI:10.1016/j.purol.2021.04.008