Urologe A. 2022 Mar 11. doi: 10.1007/s00120-022-01768-w. Online ahead of print.
We are in the middle of a digital revolution in medicine. This raises the question of whether subjects such as radiology, which is superficially concerned with the interpretation of images, will be particularly changed by this revolution. In particular, it should be discussed whether in the future the completion of initially simpler, then more complex image analysis tasks by computer systems may lead to a reduced need for radiologists. What distinguishes radiology in particular is its key position between advanced technology and medical care. This article discusses that not only radiology but every medical discipline will be affected by innovations due to the digital revolution, and that a redefinition of medical specialties focusing on imaging and visual interpretation makes sense and that the arrival of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology is to be welcomed in the context of ever larger amounts of image data-to at all be able to handle the increasing amount of image data in the future at the current number of radiologists. In this respect, the balance between research and teaching in comparison to patient care is more difficult to maintain in the academic environment. AI can help improve efficiency and balance in the areas mentioned. With regard to specialist training, information technology topics are expected to be integrated into the radiological curriculum. Radiology acts as a pioneer designing the entry of AI into medicine. It is to be expected that by the time radiologists can be substantially replaced by AI, the replacement of human contributions in other medical and non-medical fields will also be well advanced.