Front Neurol. 2022 May 17;13:871491. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2022.871491. eCollection 2022.
Exosomes have received great attention for their diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic roles in the field of neuroscience over the past decade. This scientometric study aimed to quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate knowledge structure, hot topics, and research trends of studies about exosomes in the field of neuroscience using visualization tools. Web of Science Core collection databases were searched for relevant publications between 2005 and 2021. The Carrot2 online system, BICOMB, gCLUTO, and Ucinet software were utilized for key word analysis, and co-citations analyses were conducted in Citespace and VOSviewer. Altogether, 21 high-frequency key words were collected from 856 included articles, and 5 clusters were identified through biclustering analyses. The strategic diagram and social network analysis further determined research hotspots and trends. Co-citation analysis results revealed a few crucial works that contributed to the development of research on exosomes in the field of neuroscience. Moreover, the important sources that had contributed to the development of this field were identified. Our findings suggested that Alzheimer’s disease-related research remained a hot topic in this field till now, and recent researchers had extended their scopes to more cognitive impairments. Importantly, researches related to exosomes in multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease were promising. While exosomes in acute central nervous system injury had not been sufficiently investigated, with continuous improvement in exosome-based delivery technology, this subject might make a breakthrough in terms of therapeutic innovations in the immediate future.