Evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation by Cardiac Computed Tomography for Catheter Ablation~A CADAF-CT Trial 2

Objectives

We recently reported that routine cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) could steadily detect coronary artery lesions (CALs) and could accurately detect myocardial ischemia in 9% of patients with AF who underwent RFCA of AF. The aim of this study was to identify the independent risk factor (s) of myocardial ischemia in those patients.

Methods

Patients and Materials Patient characteristics, blood test, CALs, Ordinal coronary calcium scoring (OCCS), and myocardial Ischemia (MI) were evaluated in 757 consecutive patients who underwent RFCA of AF.

Results

There were 685 and 72 patients without and with myocardial ischemia, respectively. A univariate analysis and multivariate statistical analysis revealed that a male gender (Odds ratio 2.11), a high number of co-existing coronary risk factors (NCCRF ≥3) (Odds ratio 2.03), an elevated brain natriuretic peptide level (BNP ≥100 pg/ml) (Odds ratio 3.37), an enlarged left atrial volume (≥90 ml) (Odds ratio 2.91), and a high OCCS (≥4) (Odds ratio 13.0) were independent risk factors of myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing RFCA of AF.

Conclusions

The high OCCS (≥4) by cardiac CT was the strongest independent risk factor of myocardial ischemia in those patients. However, physicians may be able to find the high risk patients of myocardial ischemia by evaluating a male gender, in the presence of a high NCCRF (≥3) and elevated BNP (≥100 pg/ml) without OCCS by cardiac CT in patients undergoing RFCA of AF.