Characteristics of left atrial remodeling in patients with atrial fibrillation and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in comparison to patients without hypertrophy

Background

Left atrial (LA) fibrosis is associated with a higher rate of recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Body mass index (BMI) is strongly associated with the prevalence of AF, but there is insufficient data about the association between BMI and LA fibrosis.

Aims

The aim of the study was to examine the association between LA fibrosis and BMI in patients with AF undergoing PVI.

Methods

In 114 patients an electro-anatomical voltage map was created using the CARTO 3 three-dimensional system before PVI. The total fibrosis area (voltage criteria ≤0.5 mV), percentage, and the number of fibrotic areas were calculated. A general linear model was used to determine the differences in BMI with confounders between groups of patients with differing extents of fibrosis and numbers of focuses.

Results

Advanced fibrosis was found in 53 (47%) patients, in up to 9 areas with a median of 2 and an interquartile range (IQR) of 0-3. The median total fibrotic area was 27.3 cm2 with an IQR of 0.1-30.3 cm2. Patients were stratified by percentage of fibrotic area: <5%, 5%-20%, 20%-35%, and above 35%; no significant difference in mean BMI was found between the groups (P = 0.57). When stratified by the number of fibrotic areas (0, 1, 2, and ≥3 fibrotic areas), no difference in BMI was noted between the groups (P = 0.67).

Conclusions

Fibrosis of the LA, as the strongest predictor of AF recurrence after PVI, does not correlate with BMI in patients with AF where PVI is indicated.