Anticoagulation with warfarin compared to Novel Oral Anticoagulants for Atrial Fibrillation in Adults with Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis: Comparison of Thromboembolic Events and Major Bleeding

Background

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA). The optimal strategy to prevent strokes in patients with ATTR-CA and AF is unknown.

Objectives

To compare outcomes in patients with ATTR-CA and AF treated with warfarin versus novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs).

Methods

This study was a retrospective analysis of patients with ATTR-CA stratified by presence or absence of AF and anticoagulation therapy. The primary outcome included a time to event analysis for the combined outcomes of stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA), major bleed, or death.

Results

Of 290 patients, 217 patients (74.8%) had AF. Of those with AF (n = 217), 78 (35.9%) patients received warfarin compared with 116 (53.5%) patients who received NOACs. There were 17 thrombotic events, all in those diagnosed with AF compared with none in the patients without AF (p = .01). Over a mean follow-up of 2.4 years (range 0.1-12) there was no difference in primary outcome between those with AF treated with warfarin compared with NOACs (p = .35).

Conclusion

Patient with ATTR-CA and AF are at increased risk for stroke compared to patients with ATTR-CA and without AF. Thrombotic events and major bleeds did not differ between those who received warfarin and NOACs.