271. Guidelines: 2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure – Question #12 with Dr. Shashank Sinha

The following question refers to Section 9.5 of the 2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure.
The question is asked by Western Michigan University medical student & CardioNerds Intern Shivani Reddy, answered first by Brigham & Women’s medicine resident and Director of CardioNerds InternshipDr. Gurleen Kaur, and then by expert faculty Dr. Shashank Sinha.
Dr. Sinha is an Assistant Professor of Medical Education at the University of Virginia School of Medicine and an advanced heart failure, MCS, and transplant cardiologist at Inova Fairfax Medical Campus. He currently serves as both the Director of the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit and Cardiovascular Critical Care Research Program at Inova Fairfax. He is also a Steering Committee member for the multicenter Cardiogenic Shock Working Group and Critical Care Cardiology Trials Network and an Associate Editor for the Journal of Cardiac Failure, the official Journal of the Heart Failure Society of America.
TheDecipher the Guidelines: 2022 AHA / ACC / HFSA Guideline for The Management of Heart Failureseries was developed by the CardioNerds and created in collaboration with the American Heart Association and the Heart Failure Society of America. It was created by 30 trainees spanning college through advanced fellowship under the leadership of CardioNerds CofoundersDr. Amit GoyalandDr. Dan Ambinder, with mentorship fromDr. Anu Lala,Dr. Robert Mentz, andDr. Nancy Sweitzer. We thank Dr. Judy Bezanson and Dr. Elliott Antman for tremendous guidance.
Enjoy this Circulation 2022 Paths to Discovery article to learn about the CardioNerds story, mission, and values.
Question #12

Mr. Shock is a 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (LVEF 25%) who is admitted with acute decompensated heart failure. He is currently being diuresed with a bumetanide drip, but is only making 20 cc/hour of urine. On exam, blood pressure is 85/68 mmHg and heart rate is 110 bpm. His JVP is at 12 cm and extremities are cool with thready pulses. Bloodwork is notable for a lactate of 3.5 mmol/L and creatinine of 2.5 mg/dL (baseline Cr 1.2 mg/dL). What is the most appropriate next step?


Augment diuresis with metolazone


Start sodium nitroprusside


Start dobutamine


Start oral metoprolol


None of the above

Answer #12


The correct answer is C – start dobutamine.
In this scenario, the patient is in cardiogenic shock given hypotension and evi…