CardioNerds Cofounder Dr. Amit Goyal is joined by Dr. Douglas Salguero (Internal medicine resident), Dr. Francisco Ujueta (Cardiology fellow), and Dr. Priscilla Wessly (Chief cardiology fellow) from the Columbia University Division of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami to discuss a rare case of isolated non-compaction cardiomyopathy. Expert commentary is provided by Dr. Christos Mihos (Director, Echocardiography Laboratory, Columbia University Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center). Audio editing by CardioNerds Academy Intern, Shivani Reddy.
Case Media – Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy
Episode Schematics & Teaching
The etiology has been a constant debate since 1980. It has been debated among researchers and clinicians whether LVNC is a physiologic or a pathologic manifestation. Waning et al., classified 327 unrelated patients into 3 categories: 1) genetic, 2) probably genetic, or 3) sporadic, identifying the most common mutations: MYH7, MYBPC3 and TTN in the genetic LVNC patients, which mostly encode for sarcomere, Z-disc and nuclear-envelope proteins. This supports the hypothesis that the inherited phenotype can arise from a gene mutation possibly during embryogenesis, disrupting the physiologic compaction of normally developing myocardium, which progresses from the base to the apex of the cardiac tissue. It is estimated that genetic LVNC accounts approximately 18-44% of cases, with autosomal dominant transmission being the most common form of inheritance. Physiologic remodeling with prominent trabeculations may be noted in athletes and pregnant women, in comparison to pathologic remodeling which may be encountered in patients with cardiomyopathy (e.g. pressure or volume load). (1)
There is no pathognomonic signs or symptoms in LVNC. LVNC patients may encounter various potential clinical…