Curr Cardiol Rep. 2022 Jun 3. doi: 10.1007/s11886-022-01724-2. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) has been identified as a novel cardiovascular risk factor. Here we review the relationship of lifestyle and environmental risk factors predisposing to somatic mutations and CHIP and provide an overview on age-related cardiovascular outcomes.
RECENT FINDINGS: CHIP has been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease in both epidemiological and experimental studies. The most commonly mutated candidate driver genes are DNMT3A, TET2, JAK2, and ASXL1. The underlying mechanisms appear predominantly related to inflammatory pathways. Although age is the dominant risk factor for developing CHIP, emerging evidence suggests that other factors such as smoking, obesity/type 2 diabetes, or an unhealthy diet play a role in the occurrence of somatic mutations. Evidence suggests a strong link between vascular risk factors, somatic hematopoietic mutations, and age-related cardiovascular disease. Further studies on CHIP biology are required to identify targeted interventions for risk reduction in patients with CHIP and inform the utility of screening strategies.