Inhibition of minor intron splicing reduces Na+ and Ca2+ channel expression and function in cardiomyocytes

This article was originally published here

J Cell Sci. 2021 Dec 3:jcs.259191. doi: 10.1242/jcs.259191. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Eukaryotic genomes contain a tiny subset of ‘minor class’ introns with unique sequence elements that require their own splicing machinery. These minor introns are present in certain gene families with specific functions, such as voltage-gated sodium and voltage-gated calcium channels. Removal of minor introns by the minor spliceosome has been proposed as a post-transcriptional regulatory layer, which remains unexplored in the heart. Here, we investigate whether the minor spliceosome regulates electrophysiological properties of cardiomyocytes by knocking-down the essential minor spliceosome component U6atac in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Loss of U6atac led to robust minor intron retention within Scn5a and Cacna1c, resulting in reduced protein levels of Nav1.5 and Cav1.2. Functional consequences were studied through path-clamp analysis, and revealed reduced sodium and L-type calcium currents after loss of U6atac. In conclusion, minor intron splicing modulates voltage-dependent ion channel expression and function in cardiomyocytes. This may be of particular relevance in situations in which minor splicing activity changes, such as in genetic diseases affecting minor spliceosome components, or in acquired diseases in which minor spliceosome components are dysregulated, such as heart failure.

PMID:34859816 | DOI:10.1242/jcs.259191