Cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial appendage occlusion prior to atrial septal defect closure: A case report

World J Clin Cases. 2022 Apr 26;10(12):3872-3878. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v10.i12.3872.


BACKGROUND: In patients who suffer from both atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial septal defect (ASD), cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), sequential left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion and ASD closure could be a strategy for effective prevention of stroke and right heart failure.

CASE SUMMARY: A 65-year-old man was admitted to our institution due to recurrent episodes of palpitations and shortness of breath for 2 years, which had been worsening over the last 48 h. He had a history of AF, ASD, coronary heart disease with stent implantation and diabetes. Physical and laboratory examinations showed no abnormalities. The score of CHA2DS2VASc was 3, and HAS-BLED was 1. Echocardiography revealed a 25-mm secundum ASD. Pulmonary vein (PV) and LAA anatomy were assessed by cardiac computed tomography. PV mapping with 10-pole Lasso catheter was performed following ablation of all four PVs with complete PVI. Following the cryoballoon PVI, the patient underwent LAA occlusion under transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring. Lastly, a 34-mm JIYI ASD occlude device was implanted. A follow-up transesophageal echocardiography at 3 mo showed proper position of both devices and neither thrombi nor leakage was found.

CONCLUSION: Sequential cryoballoon PVI and LAA occlusion prior to ASD closure can be performed safely in AF patients with ASD.

PMID:35647151 | PMC:PMC9100711 | DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v10.i12.3872