Clinical Performance of a Paclitaxel Drug-Coated Balloon in Real-World Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Practice: The PEARL Registry

J Invasive Cardiol. 2022 Jun;34(6):E462-E468.


BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials for in-stent restenosis (ISR) and de novo lesions in small-diameter vessels have shown promising results, but data on DCB use in real-world practice are still scarce. The aim of the PEARL (Paclitaxel-Eluting Angioplasty Balloon in the Real-World) registry was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a paclitaxel DCB in real-world percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) practice.

METHODS: Between 2014 and 2019, a total of 513 patients treated with the Protégé paclitaxel DCB (Wellinq) were prospectively included at 4 hospitals in the Netherlands. The primary endpoint was 2-year major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, or target-lesion revascularization (TLR).

RESULTS: DCB was used for ISR in 382 patients and for de novo lesions in 131 patients. Acute coronary syndrome was the reason for presentation in 58.9% of patients. At lesion level, 34.1% of lesions were classified as type B2 and 36.1% as type C. Predilation was performed in 62.2% and noncompliant DCB was used in 40.7% of lesions. DCB-related procedural complications were infrequent (3.3%, mostly coronary dissection [2.3%]). Bailout stenting was required in 3.1%. MACE during 2-year follow-up occurred in 17.1% of patients treated for ISR and 9.7% of patients treated for de novo lesions. The incidence of TLR was 11.7% of ISR patients and 2.9% of de novo patients. History of coronary artery bypass grafting and lesion length were predictors of MACE in patients treated for ISR.

CONCLUSION: The use of Protégé paclitaxel DCB for PCI of ISR and de novo lesions is safe and effective during 2-year follow-up.