Utilizing hybrid functional fuzzy wavelet neural networks with a teaching learning-based optimization algorithm for medical disease diagnosis

Accurate medical disease diagnosis is considered to be an important classification problem. The main goal of the classification process is to determine the class to which a certain pattern belongs. In this article, a new classification technique based on a combination of The Teaching Learning-Based Optimization (TLBO) algorithm and Fuzzy Wavelet Neural Network (FWNN) with Functional Link Neural Network (FLNN) is proposed. In addition, the TLBO algorithm is utilized for training the new hybrid Functional Fuzzy Wavelet Neural Network (FFWNN) and optimizing the learning parameters, which are weights, dilation and translation. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, five standard medical datasets were used: Breast Cancer, Heart Disease, Hepatitis, Pima-Indian diabetes and Appendicitis. The efficiency of the proposed method is evaluated using 5-fold cross-validation and 10-fold cross-validation in terms of mean square error (MSE), classification accuracy, running time, sensitivity, specificity and kappa. The experimental results show that the efficiency of the proposed method for the medical classification problems is 98.309%, 91.1%, 91.39%, 88.67% and 93.51% for the Breast Cancer, Heart Disease, Hepatitis, Pima-Indian diabetes and Appendicitis datasets, respectively, in terms of accuracy after 30 runs for each dataset with low computational complexity. In addition, it has been observed that the proposed method has efficient performance compared with the performance of other methods found in the related previous studies.