The experience of the nurse during the COVID-19 pandemic: A global meta-synthesis in the year of the nurse

This article was originally published here

J Nurs Scholarsh. 2021 Nov 5. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12706. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: From its beginnings in China in December of 2019, the novel coronavirus COVID-19 spread and quickly became the center of nursing care and conversation across the globe (WHO, 2020). This meta-ethnographic study was conducted in order to provide the profession of nursing interpretative explanations of a common experience during the care of patients with COVID-19.

DESIGN AND METHOD: A literature review focused on the experience of the nurse during the COVID-19 pandemic revealed a total of 13 qualitative studies conducted in China, Spain, Turkey, Iran, Brazil, and the United States. A meta-ethnographic review of these qualitative works, using the method of Noblit and Hare, was then conducted which revealed the experience of the nurse across the globe during the COVID-19 pandemic.

FINDINGS: The review revealed strong similarities between the experiences of the nurse across the 13 studies. Given this reciprocal relationship, translations were constructed and synthesized until four new themes emerged outlining the global experience of the nurse during the COVID-19 pandemic.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the differences between the structures of healthcare and government of the six countries represented in this meta-ethnography, the experience of the nurse emerged into a narrative shared by those represented in this study. As the profession of nursing continues to work through ongoing waves of COVID-19, these results will help guide the resources and training provided to nurses on the frontline of care.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Despite great personal risk, nurses across the globe stepped up to the challenge of upholding and improving the health of the world’s people during the COVID-19 pandemic. As health policy, education, and system leaders, we must listen to the common experience revealed in this meta-synthesis and respond by providing the resources needed to improve nursing practice and care.

PMID:34738314 | DOI:10.1111/jnu.12706