The Applications of Virtual Reality Technology in Medical Groups Teaching

Introduction:

Virtual reality is a new method for training different medical groups. Based on this technology, professionals and students of various medical sciences can determine their level of competence for medical treatment before any performance on the patient. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the applications of virtual reality technology for training the medical groups.

Methods:

This is a scoping review study conducted in 2016. Articles were retrieved through the search of related keywords in databases such as Pub Med, Scopus, Web of Sciences, Springer, and Google scholar. Then, after applying the entry criteria, 21 papers were selected from a total of 1343. Data extraction was done by a data collection form. The collected data were summarized and reported using content analysis technique according to the study purpose.

Results:

The findings of the study indicated that 11 cases (48%) have used virtual education technology for laparoscopic surgery training. Using virtual reality has improved learning in 17 (74%) studies. A higher accuracy in medical practice by people trained through VR has been reported in 20 (87%) studies.

Conclusion:

The results indicate that the application of virtual reality capabilities plays an important role in improving the performance of different medical groups. According to the results, it can be suggested that virtual reality capabilities should be used to train different medical groups based on their individual and collective needs.

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