Systemic diseases and their association with open-angle glaucoma in the population of Stockholm

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Int Ophthalmol. 2021 Nov 29. doi: 10.1007/s10792-021-02137-w. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study open-angle glaucoma in association with somatic comorbidities in the total population of adults in Region Stockholm.

METHODS: The study population included all living persons aged 19 years and above who resided in Stockholm County, Sweden, on 1 January 2017 (N = 1 703 675). Subjects with specified diseases were identified with data from all registered consultations and hospital stays during 2008-2019. As outcome, the risk of being associated with a diagnosis of open-angle glaucoma was identified during 2012-2018. Analyses were performed by gender, controlling for age and socio-economic status. Age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for women and men with open-angle glaucoma, using individuals without this as referents, were calculated. Socio-economic status was assessed based on the neighbourhood the subjects lived in.

RESULTS: In total, 16,299 cases of open-angle glaucoma were identified during 2012-2018, 9204 women and 7095 men. Higher fully adjusted OR (95% CI) for risk of being associated with open-angle glaucoma was for women and men with diabetes 1.138 (1.074-1.207) and 1.216 (1.148-1.289), cancer 1.175 (1.120-1.233) and 1.106 (1.048-1.166), hypertension 1.372 (1.306-1.440) and 1.243 (1.179-1.311); and for women with thyroid diseases 1.086 (1.030-1.146), chronic lung diseases 1.153 (1.093-1.216), and inflammatory arthropathies 1.132 (1.006-1.275). Higher glaucoma incidence was observed in individuals residing in high socio-economic status neighbourhoods.

CONCLUSION: The risk of glaucoma is increased in some somatic diseases, especially in individuals with diabetes, hypertension and cancer; and in higher socio-economic neighbourhoods as compared to lower socio-economic neighbourhoods.

PMID:34845599 | DOI:10.1007/s10792-021-02137-w