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Int J Health Plann Manage. 2021 Oct 15. doi: 10.1002/hpm.3351. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: To assess existing evidence on the effects of COVID-19 on healthcare workers (HCWs) using the health-related productivity loss approach.
METHODS: A systematic search of online databases including PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, Web of Science, and EMBASE was conducted up to 25 August 2020. Following two screening stages, studies related to the effects of COVID-19 on healthcare workers were included in the study.
RESULTS: 82 studies were included in the analysis. The COVID-19 related death rate among HCWs ranged from 0.00-0.7%, while the positive test incidence varied between 0.00 and 24.4%. 39 evidences assessed psychological disorders. A wide range of psychological disorders observed among HCWs: 5.2 to 71.2% in anxiety, 1.00 to 88.3% in stress, 8.27 to 61.67% in insomnia, and 4.5 to 50.4% in depression.
CONCLUSIONS: The early evidence suggests that healthcare workers are one of the most vulnerable groups when it comes to positive COVID-19 infection, mortality, and mental illness.