Self-medication practice with analgesics (NSAIDs and Acetaminophen), and antibiotics among nursing undergraduates in University College Farasan Island, Jazan University, KSA

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Ann Pharm Fr. 2020 Oct 21:S0003-4509(20)30128-0. doi: 10.1016/j.pharma.2020.10.012. Online ahead of print.


Objective Self-medication practices are widely practiced globally as major form of self-care for pain management. Unfortunately, with Covid-19 pandemic, prescription only drugs are now increasingly being self-prescribed. Present study was therefore, conducted to generate data on self-medication practice with analgesics using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen, and the antibiotics among nursing students of Farasan University College. Materials and methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 177 study participants (20±3 years) between December 2019 to February 2020 using questionnaire. Data analyses were done using Origin software (6.1, Illnois, USA). Significance was considered at P < 0.05. Study was conducted in Department of Nursing, University College Farasan Province, a premier educational institute of Farasan Island affiliated to Jazan University, KSA. Results Self-medication practices were high among nursing students (N=154 participants, 87%). Acetaminophen was highest used drug for analgesic purposes without prescriptions (N=101 participants, 57%). Among NSAIDs, Ibuprofen was most preferred for various analgesic purposes (N=35 participants, 20%) followed by Diclofenac (N=9 participants, 5%) and Meloxicam (N=5 participants, 3%). Azithromycine was the only antibiotic used by participants (N=4 participant, 2%). Most common causes of self-medication were headache (45%), menstrual pain (23%) and fever (14%). Main reason for self-medications was lack of time to consult doctor (68%). Furthermore, self-medication was significantly associated with study year (P<0.003). Conclusion Results give rise to concern for general well-being of future nursing workforce. There is need to implement educational actions and awareness programmes to limit self-medication practices among educated youth of this beautiful Island.

PMID:33098875 | DOI:10.1016/j.pharma.2020.10.012