SARS-CoV-2 antibody kinetics in blood donors with a previously positive SARS-CoV-2 antibody test within a seroprevalence survey

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J Med Virol. 2021 Nov 29. doi: 10.1002/jmv.27486. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Persistence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies is a matter of importance regarding the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. To observe antibody dynamics, 105 blood donors, positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies by a lateral flow test within a seroprevalence study, were included in this study. Thirty-nine (37%) of 105 the donors were confirmed positive by a total Ig Wantai ELISA. Three (8%) in this group of 39 reported severe and 26/39 (67%) mild to moderate COVID-19 symptoms. By further ELISA-testing, 33/39 (85%) donors were initially positive for IgG antibodies, 31/39 (79%) for IgA, and 32/39 (82%) for IgM, while 27/39 (69%) were positive for all three isotypes. Persistence of IgG, IgA, and IgM was observed in 73%, 79%, and 32% of donors, respectively, after 6-9 months observation. For IgM antibodies the decline in proportion of positive donors was statistically significant (p=0.002) during 12 months observation, for IgG only the decline at 3 months was statistically significant (p=0.042). Four donors exhibited notable increases in antibody levels. In conclusion, persistent SARS-CoV-2 IgA antibodies and IgG antibodies at 6-9 months are present in approximately 3 of 4 individuals with previous mild to moderate COVID-19. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:34845745 | DOI:10.1002/jmv.27486