Background: Robotic subtotal gastrectomy (RsTG) with a small remnant stomach for treatment of gastric cancer (GC) in the upper stomach may have advantages over robotic TG (RTG). These may affect postoperative complications and postoperative nutritional status.
Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study of 46 consecutive patients with GC who underwent RsTG (n = 10) and RTG (n = 36). The indication for RsTG included tumor located in the upper body of the stomach, in which the distance between the upper edge of the tumor and the junction was 2 cm or more and less than 5 cm, and no clinical evidence of lymph node metastasis.
Results: Operation time was significantly longer (384 min) and intraoperative blood loss was significantly larger (38 ml) in the RTG group than in the RsTG group (299.5 min, P = 0.021, and 25 ml P = 0.002). Two patients (5.6%) in the RTG group had complications, while no postoperative complications of higher than grade II were observed in the RsTG group. Serum albumin levels at 3 months after surgery were significantly higher in the RsTG group (3.85 g/dl) than in the RTG group (3.2 g/dl, P = 0.001). Postoperative recovery of bodyweight at 6 months after surgery was significantly better in the RsTG group (91.3%) than in the RTG group (84.25%, P = 0.001).
Conclusion: RsTG for treatment of patients with GC in the upper body of the stomach is safe and feasible, and may enable improved postoperative nutritional status compared with RTG.