Retrospective review of the clinical and laboratory data in silent lupus nephritis

This article was originally published here

Int Urol Nephrol. 2021 Dec 2. doi: 10.1007/s11255-021-03066-4. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the ratio of renal disease necessitating immunosuppressive treatment in lupus patients who are clinically asymptomatic by means of renal disease. It was also examined whether silent lupus nephritis is associated with any of the non-renal clinical findings.

METHODS: All kidney biopsies performed in lupus patients between 1990 and 2009 at the Rheumatology Department of Ege University Faculty of Medicine were retrospectively screened. Among the 258 kidney biopsies screened, 54 had no clinical renal findings but had active disease together with anti-dsDNA positivity and/or hypocomplementemia. Patients were classified into two groups who require and do not require immunosuppressive therapy according to their final pathological results at biopsy. The frequency of serious renal involvement in the sample was calculated. Then subgroups were compared with each other in terms of the clinical and laboratory features using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 13 software.

RESULTS: Thirteen of the 54 patients (24%) had severe renal involvement requiring immunosuppressant therapy. When the groups were compared to each other, it was found that serositis and hematologic involvement were significantly more frequent in patients who needed immunosuppressive treatment (42.9% versus 10.0%; p = 0.003 and 64.3% versus 37.5; p = 0.039).

CONCLUSION: Even in the absence of clinical renal manifestations, active patients at high risk of renal disease such as hypocomplementemia, anti-ds DNA positivity may have severe renal disease requiring immunosuppressive treatment. Thus, renal biopsy indications in lupus patients should better be revaluated.

PMID:34853989 | DOI:10.1007/s11255-021-03066-4