To develop and validate the Chinese version of the Joint Protection Self-Efficacy Scale (CJP-SES) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China.
(1) Translation of the original German/English version JP-SES and cultural adaptation into the Chinese language; (2)Validation of the CJP-SES with the Chinese versions of the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale-8 (ASES-8), the Laffrey Health Conception Scale (LHCS), 10-item Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions Scale (PEPPI-10), Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS-28) and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Instrument measurement included reliability testing, item generation, construct validity, test-retest reliability, and correlation with other measurements. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to determine construct validity and internal consistency. One hundred fifteen patients with RA were investigated.
Finally, 105 RA patients were included in the analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated fit for a unidimensional model of the JP-SES. Additionally, the scale showed internal consistency (Cronbach’s α coefficient 0.922), kappa coefficient (0.653), and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.94). Weak correlations with other scores for the other instruments, such as the Chinese version of ASES-8 (0.263) and PEPPI-10 (0.326). Correlation with duration (0.274), moderate correlation with BMI (- 0.438) and DAS-28 (- 0.493), and strong correlation with HAQ (- 0.644) were found in this research.
This is the first study to adapt and validate the JP-SES into Chinese for use in patients with RA. Our research showing that the CJP-SES has a good construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. This scale can help doctors and nurses to assess the self-efficacy of patients with RA.