Definition of Remission and Disease Activity Assessment in Psoriatic Arthritis: Evidence and Expert-Based Recommendations

OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to reach a consensus on the best instruments to monitor disease activity in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and to develop a consensus definition of remission.

METHODS:

A modified Delphi approach was used. A scientific committee provided statements addressing the definition of remission and the monitoring of PsA in clinical practice. The questionnaire was evaluated in 2 rounds by rheumatologists with experience in managing PsA patients.

RESULTS:

A panel of 77 rheumatologists reached agreement on 62 out of the 86 proposed items (72.0%). The most recommended index for monitoring disease activity was DAPSA (cut-off values: ≤4 for remission and >4-14 for low disease activity ([LDA]), MDA (at least 5/7 criteria). In cases with axial involvement, ASDAS was the preferred index (cut-off values: <1.3 for remission and <2.1 for LDA). BASDAI (cut-off values: ≤2 for remission and ≤4 for LDA) may be used as an alternative. PsAID was the preferred tool to assess disease impact.

CONCLUSION:

We propose a definition of remission in PsA as the absence of disease activity evaluated by DAPSA or MDA (ASDAS and/or BASDAI in patients with axial involvement), which would imply absence of signs or symptoms of inflammation, physical well-being, lack of disease impact, and absence of inflammation as measured by biological markers.

 2019 Dec 16. pii: S1699-258X(19)30161-5. doi: 10.1016/j.reuma.2019.10.003. [Epub ahead of print]