Pathogenesis and morphological changes in the lung in COVID-19

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Arkh Patol. 2021;83(6):54-59. doi: 10.17116/patol20218306154.

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus infection is a rapidly spreading infectious disease that primarily affects the respiratory system and vascular endothelium and has a serious negative impact on healthcare economy and system around the world. To effectively combat the virus, there is a need for a full understanding of the pathogenesis of this infectious disease, and every day there are more and more works that shed light on certain mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 penetration, replication, and spread. One of these works is studies showing the role of extracellular vesicles (ECVs). The latter are the membrane-enclosed vesicles with a different composition, which are involved in many physiological processes and various diseases, including infectious ones. This review gives the available data on the pathomorphogenesis of COVID-19 and on the possible role of ECVs.

PMID:34859987 | DOI:10.17116/patol20218306154