Posterior shoulder dislocation with associated reverse Hill-Sachs lesion: clinical outcome 10 years after joint-preserving surgery

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2022 Jun 3. doi: 10.1007/s00402-022-04482-6. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Posterior shoulder dislocation in association with reverse Hill-Sachs lesion is a rather rare injury. Few studies reporting results after joint-preserving surgery in these cases are available. This current study presents the clinical outcomes 10 years postoperatively.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective case series, we operatively treated 12 consecutive patients (all males) after posterior shoulder dislocation with associated reverse Hill-Sachs lesion using joint-preserving techniques. Patients received surgery in a single center between January 2008 and December 2011. The joint-preserving surgical procedure was chosen depending on the defect size and bone quality. The following outcome-measures were analyzed: Constant-Score, DASH-Score, ROWE-Score, and SF-12. Results 1, 5, and 10 years postoperatively were compared.

RESULTS: Out of 12 patients, ten patients (83.3%) were followed-up with a mean follow-up interval of 10.7 years (range 9.3-12.8). The mean patient age at the time of the last follow-up was 51 years (32-66). The outcome scores at the final follow-up were: Constant 92.5 (range 70.0-100), DASH 3.2 (0.0-10.8), ROWE 91.0 (85.0-100), and SF-12 87.8 (77.5-98.3). Clinical results had improved from 1 to 5 years postoperatively and showed a tendency for even further improvement after 10 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Joint-preserving surgical therapy of posterior shoulder dislocation provides excellent results when the morphology of the reverse Hill-Sachs lesion is respected in surgical decision-making.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: 223/2012BO2, 02 August 2010.

PMID:35657414 | DOI:10.1007/s00402-022-04482-6