Patients With a History of a Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Have a Higher Likelihood of 90-Day Cardiac Events After Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Study

INTRODUCTION:

We sought to identify the incidence of new 90-day cardiac events, 90-day mortality, 90-day unplanned readmissions, and 30-day emergency department (ED) visits after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in patients with a history of a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) and compare these outcomes in TJA patients without a CIED.

METHODS:

Kaiser Permanente’s Cardiac Device and Total Joint Replacement Registries were used to identify elective primary TJA performed for osteoarthritis. TJA with a CIED was matched with TJA without a CIED (n = 365 pairs) on patient characteristics, demographics, and procedure type. A McNemar test was used to evaluate categorical outcomes.

RESULTS:

Of the TJA with a CIED, there were 24 cardiac events (6.6%), 1 mortality (0.3%), 30 readmissions (8.2%), and 39 ED visits (10.7%). TJA patients with a CIED had a higher likelihood of cardiac events (odds ratio [OR] = 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.28 to 8.08). No difference was observed in mortality (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.02 to 6.98), readmissions (OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 0.71 to 2.25), or ED visits (OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.71 to 1.88).

CONCLUSION:

In our matched cohort study, TJA patients with a history of a CIED had a higher likelihood of incident 90-day cardiac events when compared with patients without a CIED without a difference observed for 90-day mortality, unplanned readmission, and 30-day ED visit.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level III.

 2019 Oct 25. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-19-00289. [Epub ahead of print]