There are still unanswered questions about the best treatment options for ankle arthritis after severe lower leg trauma. This study compared results in outcomes and complications for 3 groups.
Retrospective cohort study case-control study.
Three groups of 100 surgeries.
Patients underwent an ankle fusion using anterior plate, total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) for primary osteoarthritis (OA), or a TAA for post-traumatic arthritis (PTA).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:
Veterans Rand 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12), Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale, Visual Analog Pain Scale, and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hindfoot score were collected preoperatively and at subsequent postoperative appointments. A patient satisfaction survey was also distributed to each patient postoperatively.
Although all scores improved from preoperative to latest postoperative, the total ankle for PTA consistently resulted in the best postoperative outcomes. Patient satisfaction survey indicated 26% of fusion, 55% of TAA-OA, and 63% of TAA-PTA experienced very good to excellent pain relief. The overall satisfaction was found to be 92.5% for the TAA-PTA patients, 90.5% for the TAA-OA patients, and 84% for the fusion patients. Revision surgeries included 2 from the TAA-OA group, 2 from the TAA-PTA group, and 1 fusion patient.
Results of comparing 3 groups who underwent an ankle fusion or a TAA demonstrate improvement in pain (P < 0.001), physical quality of life (P < 0.001), and activity (P < 0.001) and resulted in a high level of patient satisfaction.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.