Posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with gradually variable radii (G-curve) femoral condylar geometry is now available. It is believed that a G-curve design would lead to more mid-flexion stability leading to reduced incidence of paradoxical anterior slide. The objective of this study was to assess the in vivo kinematics for subjects implanted with this type of TKA under various conditions of daily living.
Tibiofemoral kinematics of 35 patients having posterior-stabilized TKA with G-curve design were analyzed using fluoroscopy while performing three activities: weight-bearing deep knee bend, gait, and walking down a ramp. The subjects were assessed for range of motion, condylar translation, axial rotation, cam-spine engagement, and condylar lift-off.
The average weight-bearing flexion during deep knee bend was 111.4°. On average, the subjects exhibited 5.4 mm of posterior rollback of the lateral condyle and 2.0 mm of the medial condyle from full extension to maximum knee flexion. The femur consistently rotated externally with flexion, and the average axial rotation was 5.2°. Overall movement of the condyles during gait and ramp-down activity was small. No incidence of condylar lift-off was observed.
Subjects in this study experienced consistent magnitudes of posterior femoral rollback and external rotation of the femur with weight-bearing flexion. The variation is similar to that previously reported for normal knee where the lateral condyle moves consistently posterior compared to the medial condyle. Subjects experienced low overall mid-flexion paradoxical anterior sliding and no incidence of condylar lift-off leading to mid-flexion stability.