Increased serum AXL is associated with radiographic knee osteoarthritis severity

This article was originally published here

Int J Rheum Dis. 2021 Nov 28. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.14239. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum soluble AXL in patients with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (KOA).

METHODS: There were 183 patients with KOA who were selected and divided based on the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score into KL 0 subgroups (n = 42), KL I-II subgroups (n = 90), and KL III-IV subgroups (n = 51). Healthy volunteers (n = 170) in our hospital were selected with matched age and gender as the control group. AXL level in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The correlation between serum AXL with severity and clinical indicators of osteoarthritis was analyzed.

RESULTS: The level of serum AXL was significantly higher in the osteoarthritis group than that in the control group (P < .05). In the osteoarthritis patients, serum AXL level was increased with the increase of KL score. Serum AXL level was positively correlated with age, body mass index, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum C-reactive protein, cartilage oligomeric protein, matrix metalloproteinase-13, and transforming growth factor-β1 levels. The cut-off value for serum AXL was determined as 33.375 ng/mL by receiver operating curve analysis.

CONCLUSION: The level of serum AXL in patients with osteoarthritis is significantly higher than in healthy controls, and is closely related to the severity of radiographic osteoarthritis.

PMID:34841689 | DOI:10.1111/1756-185X.14239