Defining age-adjusted spinopelvic alignment thresholds: should we integrate BMI?

Spine Deform. 2022 Jun 3. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00522-8. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop age- and BMI-adjusted alignment targets to improve patient-specific management and operative treatment outcomes.

METHODS: Retrospective review of a single-center stereographic database. ASD patients receiving operative or non-operative treatment, ≥ 18y/o with complete baseline (BL) ODI scores and radiographic parameters (PT, SVA, PILL, TPA) were included. Patients were stratified by age consistent with US-Normative values (norms) of SF-36(< 35, 35-55, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, ≥ 75y/o), and dichotomized by BMI (Non-Obese < 30; Obese ≥ 30). Linear regression analysis established normative age- and BMI-specific radiographic thresholds, utilizing previously published age-specific US-Normative ODI values converted from SF-36 PCS (Lafage et al.), in conjunction with BL age and BMI means.

RESULTS: 486 patients were included (Age: 52.5, Gender: 68.7%F, mean BMI: 26.2, mean ODI: 32.7), 135 of which were obese. Linear regression analysis developed age- and BMI-specific alignment thresholds, indicating PT, SVA, PILL, and TPA to increase with both increased age and increased BMI (all R > 0.5, p < 0.001). For non-obese patients, PT, SVA, PILL, and TPA ranged from 10.0, – 25.8, – 9.0, 3.1 in patients < 35y/o to 27.8, 53.4, 17.7, 25.8 in patients ≥ 75 y/o. Obese patients’ PT, SVA, PILL, and TPA ranged from 10.5, – 7.6, – 7.1, 5.8 in patients < 35 y/o to 28.3, 67.0, 19.15, 27.7 in patients ≥ 75y/o. Normative SVA values in obese patients were consistently ≥ 10 mm greater compared to non-obese values, at all ages.

CONCLUSION: Significant associations exist between age, BMI, and sagittal alignment. While BMI influenced age-adjusted alignment norms for PT, SVA, PILL, and TPA at all ages, obesity most greatly influenced SVA, with normative values similar to non-obese patients who were 10 years older. Age-adjusted alignment thresholds should take BMI into account, calling for less rigorous alignment objectives in older and obese patients.

PMID:35657561 | DOI:10.1007/s43390-022-00522-8