One Year Outcomes of Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: Contemporary Analysis of the United States Nationwide Readmission Database

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2022 Jun 3. doi: 10.1111/pace.14543. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Data on long-term outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) in outside of clinical trials settings are sparse.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess outcomes and readmissions at 1 year following admission for CA for AF.

METHODS: Utilizing the Nationwide Readmissions Database (2016-2018), we identified patients with CA among all patients with a primary admission diagnosis of AF, and a control group by propensity score match adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities, CHA₂DS₂-VASc scores, and the hospital characteristics. The primary outcome was a composite of unplanned heart failure (HF), AF and stroke-related readmissions and death at 1 year, and secondary outcomes were hospital outcomes and all-cause readmission rates.

RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 29,771 patients undergoing CA and 63,988 controls. Patients undergoing CA were younger with lower CHA₂DS₂-VASc scores and less comorbidities. Over a follow-up of 170 ±1.1 days, the primary outcome occurred in 5.2% in CA group and 6.0% of controls (hazard ratio [HR] and 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.86 [0.76-0.94], p = 0.002). CA affected AF and stroke related readmission, but showed no effect on HF and mortality outcome.Male sex (HR: 0.83 [0.74-0.94], p = 0.03), younger age (HR: 0.71 [0.61-0.83], p<0.001], and lower CHA₂DS₂-VASc scores (HR: 0.68 [0.55-0.84], p<0.001) were associated with lower risk of primary outcome with CA.

CONCLUSION: In this study, CA for AF was associated with significantly lower AF and stroke-related admissions, but not to HF or all cause readmission. Better outcomes were seen among males, younger patients and in patients with less comorbidities and low CHA₂DS₂-VASc scores. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:35656924 | DOI:10.1111/pace.14543