This article was originally published here
Leuk Lymphoma. 2021 Sep 15:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2021.1978085. Online ahead of print.
Using the National Cancer Database, we identified 10,290 patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) treated with chemotherapy with or without upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Only 17% of patients underwent ASCT. Patients who underwent ASCT were younger and more likely to have lower comorbidity scores, private insurance, higher income and education, and treatment received at an academic facility. On multivariable analysis, age, comorbidity index, insurance type, the transition of care, facility type, distance to facility, and diagnosis year were predictive for ASCT use. ASCT use was associated with improved 5-year overall survival in younger (82% vs. 64%, p < .001) and older (70% vs. 40%, p < .001) patients, which was retained in the matched propensity score and 12-month analyses. Female gender, the diagnosis year ≥2009, private insurance, higher income, and education were associated with superior survival, whereas Black race and higher comorbidities predicted inferior survival.